Home / FLOW Cities / Budapest / 

Budapest - EN

Budapest - EN

About Budapest

Partner in FLOW: BKK Centre for Budapest Transport 

Budapest is the capital city of Hungary and its economic and political centre, being the largest metropolitan area in Central Eastern Europe. Budapest is the seventh largest city in the European Union. It is considered a financial hub in Central Europe with a developed service sector. Budapest is a leading city in Central Eastern Europe in the implementation of transport management organisational schemes, in charge of integration of different transport modes, and of building organisational capacity for the implementation of sustainable measures.

The whole agglomeration around Budapest (Pest County including 80 settlements) has 800,000 inhabitants and generates 400,000 car trips/weekday (which is 2/3 of all trips). The main transport challenges of Budapest are inner city congestion, parking problems, lack of high quality intermodal interchanges and poor connections between specific parts of the city.

Activities in FLOW

Budapest's sustainable mobility goals

In Budapest's first SUMP-based transport development strategy, called the BMT Balázs Mór Plan, the city has set a goal of 10% modal share for cycling by 2030. Its current level is 2.3%. One means to help achieve this is a public bike system. BKK launched its MOL Bubi public bike sharing system in September 2014 with 1,100 bikes and 76 docking stations - many in the congested inner city. MOL Bubi was extended in 2015 up to 1,150 bikes and 91 stations due to the first successful period of operation. BKK is also implementing a bike-friendly Bubi area in the city centre to support the bike sharing system and cycling in general. Measures taken in the rubric include bike lanes, advanced stop-lines, traffic calming and contraflow bike lanes.

Macroscopic modelling in FLOW

Within FLOW, with the support of Technical Support Partners, BKK has collected data that is used to recalibrate the existing macroscopic Visum model of Budapest which had limited integration of cyclists. Specific features of the cycling-friendly area were modelled and tested (ex-ante) and evaluated (ex-post) for their effects on congestion.

Anticipated outcomes

The outcome of modelling has helped determine what impact the MOL Bubi scheme and the supporting measures have on congestion in Budapest, that is, whether it effectively helps to meet the city's cycling modal share goals and relieve inner city congestion.

More information is available on the official webpage of Budapest and BKK: 



Quick facts

Population: 1,750,000 inhabitants

Land area: 525 km2

Road network length: 4,500 km

Cycle paths length: 288 km

Walking paths length: ?  km

Public transport (PT) modes: Subway, urban railway, trams, trolleybuses, buses

PT system length: 3,300 km

PT passenger trips per day: 2,220,000 million

Car trips per working day: 1,572,694

Budapesti modal split
(2014, BKK belső forrás háztartásfelvétel alapján)

Scientific paper:

How can a transport model be integrated to the strategic transport planning approach? A case study from Budapest; presented at 2015 Models and Technologies for Intelligent Transportation Systems (MT-ITS), 3-5. June 2015. Budapest, Hungary


Budapest local forum on congestion

FLOW workshop - Kerékpározás és forgalmi modellezés
A balázs mór-terv stratégiai tervezés budapesten
Az Egységes Forgalmi Modell fejlesztési irányai
VEKOP finanszírozású, fenntartható közlekedést támogató projektek bemutatása
A FLOW projekt – kerékpározással és gyaloglással a torlódások ellen
A FLOW projekt eredménytermékeinek bemutatása