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Walking and Cycling: A Multimodal Approach to Congestion Management - FLOW project summary and recommendations

This document outlines the activities carried out during FLOW and summarises the project’s main results. These include: 

  1. assessing conventional transport analysis and modelling techniques,
  2. developing improved transport analysis techniques and models,
  3. making recommendations for improving multimodal transport assessment, and
  4. preparing communication resources for further information. 

This document is also available in the 6 other project languages:


Walking, Cycling and Congestion Implementer’s Guide to Using the FLOW Tools for Multimodal Assessments

FLOW project (2018).

This document presents an implementer’s guide to using the approach developed by FLOW to better assess the congestion reduction benefits of walking and cycling projects. It explains how to use the FLOW multimodal calculation procedures and FLOW Impact Assessment Tool. It is also available in the 6 other project languages: 


Using FLOW’s Multimodal Transport Analysis Techniques in the Transport Planning Profession

This document outlines how transport sector businesses can use the FLOW approach to help clients and administrations better ask, and answer, questions about the impacts of walking and cycling measures. These include transport planning and engineering consultants as well as producers of transport equipment and supplies (e.g., pavement systems or cycling rack builders). It can assist such businesses in communicating improved methods for analysing multimodal transport system performance.


FLOW Quick Facts for Cities

FLOW project (2017). Dagmar Köhler, Pasquale Cancellara (Polis). Contributors: Bonnie Fenton (Rupprecht Consult); Andy Nash (crowdsourced-transport); Benedicte Swennen (ECF); Bronwen Thornton, Martin Wedderburn (Walk 21)

The FLOW Quick Facts outline walking and cycling measures can not only improve conditions for pedestrians and cyclists, but also reduce congestion. They describe some – perhaps surprising – results about overall transport efficiency that have been achieved while improving conditions for walking and cycling.

The FLOW Quick Facts are available in 11 languages:

Analysing the impact of walking and cycling on urban road performance: a conceptual framework

FLOW project (2017). Author: Frederic Rudolph, Wuppertal Institut

The 'Conceptual Framework' introduces the tools that have been developed in FLOW. The FLOW tools help understand which impact walking and cycling measures have on congestion and on socio-economic factors. They can be used to select measures or to evaluate measures which have already been implemented.


FLOW multimodal analysis methodology

Frederic Rudolph (Wuppertal Institut), Nora Szabo (PTV AG)

FLOW Impact assessment tool Guideline

Nora Szabo,& Tanja Schäfer (PTV AG)


FLOW Impact assessment tool

Nora Szabo,& Tanja Schäfer (PTV AG)


FLOW Portfolio of Measures on the role of walking and cycling in reducing congestion

FLOW Project (2016). Thorsten Koska, Frederic Rudolph (Wuppertal Institut); Case Studies: Benjamin Schreck, Andreas Vesper (Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen), Tamás Halmos (Budapesti Közlekedési Központ), Tamás Mátrai (Budapesti Műszaki és Gazdaságtudományi Egyetem), Alicja Pawłowska (Municipality of Gdynia), Jacek Oskarbski (Politechnika Gdanska), Benedicte Swennen (European Cyclists’ Federation), Nora Szabo (PTV AG), Graham Cavanagh (Rupprecht Consult GmbH), Florence Lepoudre (Traject), Katie Millard (Transport Research Laboratory), Martin Wedderburn (Walk21), Miriam Müller, David Knor (Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie gGmbH)

The FLOW Portfolio of Measures is also available in Ukrainian:

 Additional info here

How can a transport model be integrated to the strategic transport planning approach? A case study from Budapest

Tamás Mátrai, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Melinda Ábel & László Sándor Kerényi, BKK
Paper presented at 2015 Models and Technologies for Intelligent Transportation Systems (MT-ITS), 3-5. June 2015. Budapest, Hungary


Webinar – Congestion and Your City: the FLOW Approach (30.01.2017)

FLOW first webinar "Congestion and Your City: the FLOW Approach", will introduce you to the FLOW project’s philosophy on congestion and congestion reduction through walking and cycling measures and will provide you with a concrete example of the application of FLOW tools in the context of College Green in Dublin. The webinar took place on Monday, 30.01.2017 at 14:00-15:30 CET.